Phonics in Reception Class
At Brookvale we follow 'Letters & Sounds' which is the government programme for teaching phonics and high frequency words.
It is split into 6 phases with the different phases being covered throughout the Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1.
· Phase 1– Nursery / Reception
· Phase 2– Reception
· Phase 3– Reception
· Phase 4– Reception / Year 1
· Phase 5– Year 1
· Phase 6– Year 1 / Year 2
Phase 1 focuses on the basic skills needed for reading and writing and includes singing lots of nursery rhymes, playing listening games and using musical instruments.
Things to do at home:
Play games like 'I spy'
Sing songs and rhymes together
Share lots of books together
Break up words into their sounds using a robot voice eg c-a-t
By the end of phase 2, the children should know 23 sounds...
and be able to read 5 tricky words…
A tricky word has to be learned by sight as it cannot be sounded out.
They should be able to orally blend cvc words e.g. when you sound out c-a-t, they can tell you the word is cat, and also orally segment cvc words e.g. when you say mum, they can pick out the sounds m-u-m.
During the Spring term, the children will be introduced to Phase 3 of the letters and sounds programme for phonics.
All children will be introduced to set 6 and 7. (See below)
Set 6: j, v, w, x
Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Your child needs to be able to
blend and segment words containing the 26 letters taught so far to move on further. The children who are still working on this will continue with Phase 2 activities which involve reading and writing simple words and captions.
As your child becomes confident with this they will be introduced to the following 25 new graphemes (sounds)
Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
During Phase 3, children will also learn the letter names but they will continue to use the sounds when decoding words.
During Phase 3, the following tricky words (which can't yet be decoded) are also introduced:
he she we me be was you they all are my his her
Things to do at home:
Practise the letter sounds sent home every day even when you think your child knows them as they are easily forgotten when more letter sounds are introduced.
Cut up each sound and use to make simple words and sentences. Cover the words and see if your child can write them by sounding them out.
Point out letters and familiar words as you are out and about.
Read with and to your child every day.
Click on the above link to hear how to say the sounds correctly
A guide to phase 4 phonics for parents.pdf